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Name of Article:
An Analysis of Pollution and Community Advocacy in a Cancer Alley: Setting an Example for the Environmental Justice Movement in St James Parish, Louisiana 
Title of Book/Journal:
Local Environment 
English Translation:
Publication Date:
December 2006     
Blodgett, Abigail
Issue: 6
Pages: 647 - 661  
Corporate Author:
Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group   
EPA Number:
Other Number:
environmental justice
This study evaluates environmental justice issues in St James Parish, Louisiana. This parish is located along an 85-mile stretch of the Mississippi River which hosts over 100 chemical, petrochemical, refining and industrial plants and is often referred to as a Cancer Alley. With the use of geographic information system (GIS) mapping, it was found that polluting industries are located in the sections of the parish that have the highest percentages of African Americans, the lowest average household income and the most residents without a high school diploma. It was also found that the areas of the parish that have the highest percentage of residents who are employed in the manufacturing industry tend to be the wealthiest in the parish, have the least number of African American residents and have the most residents with the highest levels of education. Second, the levels and types of community advocacy that have occurred in response to the pollution and disproportionate environmental impacts in the parish are evaluated to find the most effective course of action. This study concludes that the most successful way that threatened communities can respond to environmental injustices is to take the initiative to solve the problem, connect with larger groups that have expertise, educate the public, and obtain legal representation.

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