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Name of Article:
A Conceptual Model of Environmental Justice 
Title of Book/Journal:
Social Science Quarterly 
Type:
Article 
English Translation:
 
Publication Date:
March 1999     
Author(s):
Helfand, G.E. L.J. Peyton
 Editor(s):
 
Volume:
80 
Issue: 1
Pages: 68 - 83  
Corporate Author:
 
Publisher:
Austin, TX: University of Texas Press   
EPA Number:
 
Other Number:
   
Keyword(s):
COMMUNITY
ECONOMICS
HAZARDOUS WASTE-FACILITY SITING
Comments:
 
 
 
 
    
 
Annotation:
Much of the literature on environmental inequities focuses on establishing a correlation between poor or minority communities and environmental hazards. However, these studies do not provide much information on the causes of that correlation. This paper proposes a conceptual model of the siting of a hazardous facility, incorporating three key groups of agents: those associated with the facility, community decision-makers, and affected community residents. These agents' interactions determine a cost (or subsidy) for siting a facility. Hypotheses for causes of the correlation include income effects, information effects, political influence, and discrimination. This model suggests data needs and empirical approaches to testing these alternative hypotheses, and it discusses how identifying these underlying causes can influence the choice of policy remedy for environmental inequities.
 
 
       
 
 
 

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