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Name of Article:
Assessing Environmental Justice Using Bayesian Hierarchical Models: Two Case Studies 
Title of Book/Journal:
Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 
Type:
Article 
English Translation:
 
Publication Date:
1999     
Author(s):
Carlin, B. P. H. Xia
 Editor(s):
 
Volume:
Issue: 1
Pages: 66 - 78  
Corporate Author:
 
Publisher:
   
EPA Number:
 
Other Number:
   
Keyword(s):
HEALTH-RESEARCH
OHIO
GEORGIA-ATLANTA
Comments:
 
 
 
 
    
 
Annotation:
The authors of this article argue that sound statistical methodology for assessing environmental justice is clearly needed, but has been slow to develop. They investigate the use of hierarchical Bayesian methods for combining disparate sources of environmental data featuring complex correlations over both space and time. After a brief review of the Bayesian approach and its specific application to disease mapping problems, they illustrate two case studies. The first of these investigates the effect of a certain nuclear fuel reprocessing facility in Ohio on the lung cancer rates in the counties that surround it, while the second concerns the relation between air quality (especially in terms of ambient ozone levels) and pediatric emergency room visits due to asthma in the Atlanta, Georgia metropolitan area. The authors close by summarizing the method's implications for environmental justice, as well as future methodological and applied work.
 
 
       
 
 
 

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Last updated on Monday, December 2nd, 2002
URL: http://www.epa.gov/compliance/environmentaljustice/index.html